Most abbreviations must be defined explained in an APA Style paper upon first use. Do not define the following: abbreviations listed in the dictionary, measurements, time abbreviations used with numerical values 5 hr, 30 min, Latin abbreviations et al., i.e., e.g., etc., and many statistical abbreviations. Standard abbreviations found in Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary 2005 that are not labelled abbr, may be used without explanation, for example, IQ, HIV. The following standard Latin abbreviations may be used when included in a parenthetical phrase, APA, 2012, p.108. APA style American Psychological Association style is an academic format specified in The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, a style guide that offers academic authors guidance on various subjects for the submission of papers to the publications of APA. AP Style holds that a few universally recognized abbreviations are required in some instances and some other abbreviations are acceptable depending on the context, but in general, as a writer, you should avoid having your writing appear as if it’s “alphabet soup.”.
There are quite a few rules in the AP Stylebook for state names and AP Style state abbreviations. In this post, we will summarize all of the AP Stylebook state abbreviations rules. When To Spell Out Full Name. If a state’s name is standing alone or in conjunction with a city or town in your text, spell out the entire state’s name. To maximize clarity, APA prefers that authors use abbreviations sparingly. Although abbreviations are sometimes useful for long, technical terms in scientific writing, communication is usually garbled rather than clarified if, for example, an abbreviation is unfamiliar to the reader. APA Contents Introduction to APA style. In-Text Citations. Abbreviations. Audio and Visual media. Books. Conferences. Data files. Dictionaries. Standard abbreviations can be used in your citations. Some of the more commonly used examples of abbreviations are listed below.
Summary: APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. by Jeff Hume-Pratuch Dear Style Experts, How do you tell whether to use a or an with abbreviations? I assume that an abbreviation is treated just as if it were a word,. It’s All Latin to Me: Latin Abbreviations in Scholarly Writing. The table below focuses on Latin abbreviations common to scholarly writing that may be used without definition in APA Style. Note that this list is not exhaustive. See also section 4.26 p. 108.
Using abbreviations can be an effective way to avoid repeating lengthy, technical terms throughout a piece of writing, but they should be used sparingly to prevent your text from becoming difficult to read. Many abbreviations take the form of acronyms, which are abbreviations consisting of the first letter of each word in a phrase. How to use APA style abbreviations in your dissertation. Date published October 5, 2016 by Bas Swaen. Date updated: February 28, 2019. According to the APA Style, you only use an abbreviation if it is standard, represents something that is repeated frequently in your dissertation, or allows you to save considerable space. Group author abbreviations are covered in Section 8.21 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition. As with other abbreviations, provide the full name of the group on first mention in the text, followed by the abbreviation. Connect with APA Style. Writing Guide - Abbreviations of Months of the Year, Days of the Week, and Other Abbreviations of Time. Writing Guide - Abbreviations of Months of the Year,. When documenting sources using APA style, no abbreviations are used, all months should be spelled out in full. Although abbreviations save space in your dissertation, they can sacrifice clarity. Be careful to be as clear as possible when using abbreviations. Per APA, do not overuse or underuse abbreviations, and, if you do use abbreviations, make sure they are common enough to be understood by your readers.
APA style discourages the use of frequent abbreviations and acronyms in a paper. The main reason for using either is that it will save space and be easier for your reader to process the information through an acronym than if you were to write out an entire phrase each time you used it. How to cite sources using APA style 6th edition. Looking for the definition of APA? Find out what is the full meaning of APA on ! 'American Psychological Association' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. Abbreviations in legal texts. Abbreviations including acronyms are heavily used in legal writing. The conventions must be strictly followed, but they vary between countries and universities. If you are writing on a legal topic, you should adhere to the relevant style. Abbreviations in APA. Abbreviations Citation: APA Reference Style Guide 6th edition Posted on May 31, 2018 January 20, 2019 by admin. APA Abbreviations. When using APA, you should limit the use of abbreviation to cases where the abbreviation is standard, and therefore cannot distract the understanding of the reader.
APA Style: Citing Your Sources. Basics of APA Formatting; In Text Citations Toggle Dropdown. Title should not include abbreviations or exceed more than 12 words. Title should be typed using upper and lower case letters. Center the title and position in the upper half of the page. Abbreviations for USA States:_Jan 2011_Version 1 Jan 2011 Abbreviations for USA States: Publishers’ Locations for APA Referencing When you write an APA-style reference list, you need to provide the publishing details publisher’s name and. The writers of most content creation companies usually write using a popular style guide AP, APA, Chicago, MLA mixed with a house style. At BKA, we prefer AP style, which is a standard in journalism. The APA explained the issuing of a new edition only eight years after the fifth edition by pointing to the increased use of online source or online access to academic journals 6th edition, p. XV. The sixth edition is accompanied by a style website,as well as the APA Style Blog, which answers many common questions from users. This guide includes instructional pages on other APA guidelines such as on abbreviations, anthropomorphism, capitalization, heading levels, and more. Open education resources for academic writing. Review some of APA style's guidelines on scholarly writing for topics such as abbreviations, active versus passive voice, anthropomorphism.
Bible: Abbreviations APA discusses abreviations in section 4.22 of the Publication Manual for APA 6th ed., but Bible abbreviations are not listed. Check with your professor for guidelines. Library Guide for APA Style, 6th Edition; Start Here: What is APA Style? In-Text Citation;. Reference list abbreviations How often to cite in-text. academic honesty, academic research, apa, apa guide, apa style, citation, citing, doi. Graham Hole, Research Skills 2012: page 4. Social support significantly predicted depression scores, β = 34, t 225 = 6.53, p <.001. Social support also explained a significant proportion of variance in depression scores. APA style is an author-date citation style. It was developed mainly for use in psychology, but has also been adopted by other disciplines. There are two major components to the APA author-date style. the in-text author-date citation at the appropriate place within the text of the document, e.g. Smith, 2010, and.Many newspapers, magazines and public relations offices across the United States use AP style. Although some publications such as the New York Times have developed their own style guidelines, a basic knowledge of AP style is considered essential to those who want to work in print journalism. Audio: Acronyms and abbreviations—I want to say that depending on what style you’re writing in, you might see more acronyms and you might see less. When you’re writing APA style, because the goal is for clarity, you should always err on the side of spelling everything out.
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